De Stijl inventent une sorte de grammaire formelle permettant d’aboutir à une esthétique dite universelle par l’usage strict des couleurs primaires (bleu, jaune, rouge), du blanc et du noir appliqués en aplat, de lignes droites et orthogonales, par la limitation des formes et la géométrisation des volumes. We provide art lovers and art collectors with one of the best places on the planet to discover modern and contemporary art. De Stijl se déclinera plus tard sous d’autres formes : lorsque la marque DE Stijl arrivera monde de la mode et du design par exemple. Theo van Doesburg’s Rhythm of a Russian Dance, 1918. De Stijl, Part II: Near-Abstraction and Pure Abstraction. Partly a reaction against the decorative excess of Art Deco, De Stijl also emerged in response to the horrors of World War I and from the wish to remake the society. The first building he designed was Rietveld Schröder House in 1924 that looked like a three-dimensional Mondrian painting and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. Furthermore, the geometric visual language and the idea of form following function made a significant impact on the architectural movement from the ‘20s and ‘30s known as The International Style, its main proponents being Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier. Mondrian refused to accept this break with purity and precision, deeming it artistic heresy on Van Doesburg’s part. Updated and modified regularly [Accessed ] Architecture and interior design were important to De Stijl from the beginning, and in fact architectural renderings dominate the illustrations in the short-lived journal dedicated to the movement, De Stijl magazine. He claimed to be the father of the avant-garde movement and he recalled his first meeting with Doesburg: ‘When Doesburg noticed an abstract painting right on the easel, he exlaimed: 'If that is to be the painting of the future, may I be hanged right now!' De Stijl (/də ˈstaɪl/; Dutch pronunciation: [də ˈstɛil]), Dutch for "The Style", also known as neoplasticism, was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917 in Leiden. Thus, De Stijl was a bit like telling a story, or even writing poetry using visual cues, which some of us are not able to contemplate even in this day and age. Until his split from De Stijl in 1923, Neo-plasticism also applied to the work of other artists in De Stijl. The principles of their non-representational art were applicable and put to use forming a new geometrical experience of the letter. Incidentally, De Stijl is also the name of the journal published by Theo van Doesburg, where the theories of this particular movement were enshrined. He adhered to the Ring Neue Verbege stalter founded by Schwitters that gathered artists such as Lissitszky, Heartfield, Moholy-Nagy and Hans Richter. Since De Stijl was one of the pioneers of the Sullivan-derived form-follows-function practice, most of the things you know about modern architecture applies to De Stijl architecture as well. On this subject, Hans Richter, one of the younger members of De Stijl known for his contribution to "abstract film", wrote: "It has to be emphasized again and again that art is not the subjective explosion of an individual, but the organic language of man, of a most serious importance; therefore it is to be as free from error and as concise as possible, in order to be really used as such: as the language of humanity. Perhaps because of the presence of camera that can capture a good photograph. After coming in contact with the works of Piet Mondrian, Theo Van Doesburg saw these pieces as the ideal in painting as a complete abstraction of reality. The mystical, the intuitive, the universal, the need to reach pure harmony, all of this Mondrian attempted to express in his work that was gradually becoming more and more abstract. Well, a few months later, he was painting in precisely that manner. L’esthétique de Mondrian s’imposera dans le monde de l’art à la fin des années 30, lors de son passage aux Etats-Unis. Having the time of its inauguration in mind, it should be clear that this urge to redefine, or even reinvent reality comes from a feeling of anxiety and disappointment caused by the First World War. The abstract art was an evolution from the previous century art. For the most important De Stijl artists, the newfound simplicity, the Neoplasticism, was a means of social and spiritual redemption. However, all of these genres were strongly influenced by painting, which is somewhat logical, given that painting could be considered a foundation for other media. L’ordre et le haserd dans la peinture abstraite » de meyer Schapiro, traduction parue dans le cahier du MNAM n°50 en 1994. De Stijl was a circle of Dutch abstract artists who promoted a style of art based on a strict geometry of horizontals and verticals. Art de Yasmina Reza « Art » est une pièce de théâtre écrite en 1994 par Yasmina Reza. Julie. Their visual expression was radicalized by a self-invented vocabulary that functioned according to its own system, consisting of orthogonal lines and primary colors as the most basic tools for non-verbal communication. Il résida principalement à Utrecht, Weimar, Paris et Meudon. The question of the relation between the chosen examples and the historical style they reference is topical because individual designers’ styles … Composition II in Red, Blue, and Yellow, 1930. And so Mondrian’s concept of Neoplasticism, meant, in essence ‘the new art’. Where the lines met, the magic and pure forces of nature were expressed. We have a ‘nostalgia for the universal’ wrote Piet Mondrian. He designed covers for various anarchistic books, but was forced to destroy them all during the Nazi regime. He worked on several projects with Van Doesburg before their split in 1919, including the refurbishment of the now demolished restaurant Dual Key in Woerden. The early pastoral paintings of his native country, the Netherlands, depict windmills, fields, and rivers, and they also help to illustrate a variety of influences a number of art movements, such as pointillism and Fauvism had on Mondrian. De-Stijl(The Style),also called " Neoplasticism" is recognizable by the use of straight horizontal and vertical lines as well as the use of the primary colors red, yellow and blue. Artist Colonies Of Our Times: Collective Forms of Creating and Living. We aim at providing better value for money than most. Find more prominent pieces of abstract at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. Theo van Doesburg applied De Stijl principles to architecture, sculpture and typography. Suprematism. The work of architects associated with De Stijl has helped give rise to the International Style of the 1920s and 1930s. éd. Piet Mondrian and his contemporaries wrestled against the past and this rebellion continued long after the initial act of self-liberation to sound the alarm against tradition. Piet Mondrian came up with the term “de nieuwe beelding”, which became known internationally as Neo-plasticism. Composition B (No.II) with Red 1935. In other words, Mondrian’s art is not about the red and the blue, it is about the redness of red, the blueness of blue, which cannot be mistaken one for another, and about the emotion that their juxtaposition creates. He aimed for simplicity in his designs and hoped his furniture would be mass-produced. Gerrit Rietveld designed his Rietveld-Schröder House in 1924, following the specific wishes of Widow Truus Schröder-Schräder to have a house where she could mourn the death of her husband openly with her children and live in a way that broke with all the traditions of the time. It also uses primary colors as its main elements. It was utopian innature in the sense that the members of De Stijl believed art to have a transformativepower. After Van Doesburg and Mondrian split, they each renamed their individual interpretations of De Stijl. As much as the fine art production focused on order and balance, the graphic design work, encompassing the mentioned typography design, influenced also book and poster designs. The idea was not to repeatedly paint red, white, blue and yellow rectangles outlined with black lines in order to discuss their mere appearance, but to capture the sensations that come through our eyes, and to translate them into the domain of the cognitive. Editors’ Tip: Mondrian: The Art of Destruction. Piet Mondrian’s Aujourd’hui le style donne son nom au(x) mouvement(s). The move to Paris in 1911 marked the beginning of the style we have all come to acknowledge as the style of Mondrian’s Art. De Stijl art was the expression of the Mondrian’s theory of Neoplasticism. Découvrir tous nos profs. For one, several of the members of De Stijl, including Theo van Doesburg, taught at the Bauhaus. Lost (and Found) Artist Series: Agnes Pelton, The Aesthetic Of The Banal In Contemporary Art, The Most Outrageous Acts of Art Vandalism. Earth Toned De Stijl Abstract by Berner 1962, 1962 De Stijl Painting after Mondrian by Seymour Zayon Artist: Semour Zayon American (1930 - ) Title: Oval Geometric Abstraction (After Mondrian) Medium: Oil on Canvas Board, signed Size: 18.5 x 14.5 inches Frame: 23.5 x 19.25 inches British art and literature. But Van Doesburg had been interested in exploring different ways long before the dramatic diagonal break. Dutch furniture designer and architect Gerrit Rietveld was one of the key members of De Stijl. The essence of De Stijl was finding a new art form that could be functionally applied within the society. De nombreux artistes néerlandais en sont alors des adeptes, tels que Gerrit Rietveld ou Théo Van Doesburg. De Stijl devient ainsi à partir de 1917 un mouvement artistique basé sur les théories de Mondrian et l’utilisation de couleurs et de formes pures. The harsh reduction and simplicity of his non-representational art, which he named neoplasticism, hides a more mystical approach to the world. Based on the statistical forecasts of population growth, he calculated the requirements for housing leisure, employment and traffic. The basic vertical and horizontal lines juxtaposed with the primary colors make the key visuals of De Stijl, widely recognized as such even today. Know someone who would find this article interesting? The outline of the figure was completely left out and the scattered objects described the figure. The paper will present an analysis of four interiors, highlighting the parameters according to which they can be considered to represent De Stijl. The focus is put on the analysis of the interrelations between his paintings and the theory of art he professed, paralleled with his views on life, taken from the public writings and mainly unpublished letters. But, where did he differ? Mondrian published his essay Neo-Plasticism in Pictorial Art in De Stijl, in which he wrote: “As a pure representation of the human mind, art will express itself in an aesthetically purified, that is to say, abstract form. De nombreuses institutions portent son nom aux Pays-Bas, dont un lycée-collège à Utrecht et une académie, en réalité une école d'art et de design, à Amsterdam. Mondrian’s paintings reflected what he saw as the spiritual order underlying the visible world, and as such, Mondrian’s art, needs to be viewed as a symbol, possibly better to say a sign, of the universal aesthetic language. This simplicity but above all the focus on functionalism was also promoted in applied arts most especially in furniture design. The need to make the letters fill the shape of the square caused a variety of deformations and rough distortions in the alphabet created by Theo van Doesburg. His work was rooted in the social context. Mondrian continued in his way, separate from De Stijl, finally ending up in New York in 1940. Bauhaus Exhibition Poster Geometric Art De Stijl Art Vintage Poster High Quality Printable Art YoishoPrint. Commenter une oeuvre d'Art - Le blog de doc. 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